The main historical area of the city is the Alba Carolina Fortress, which was greatly developed by Carol VI. The Habsburgs renamed the city in Karlsburg in his honor. The Vauban-style fortress with 7 star-shaped bastions was built between 1716 and 1735, according to a plan of the Italian architect Giovanni Morando Visconti, being the most impressive of its kind in south-eastern Europe, especially due to the triumphal gates. which provided access, initially in a number of six.
The main tourist objectives that are located inside the fortification are: Roman Catholic Cathedral, Coronation Cathedral, Museum and Union Hall, Statue Group of the Union of Corife, Batthyaneum Library, Horea Cell, Cloșca and Crișan, located in the architectural ensemble of the 3- gate. of the fortress, Apor Palace, Palace of Princes, December 1 University, Obelisk erected in memory of Horea, Cloșca and Crișan, Route of the Three Fortifications - including the Roman Fortress Gate, the Equestrian Statue of the Voivod Mihai Viteazul, the monument dedicated to the memory of Avram Iancu, Monument , The wooden church of the first Orthodox metropolis of Transylvania founded by the voivode Mihai Viteazul, the busts of King Ferdinand and Queen Mary etc.
Inside the Coronation Cathedral there are two important works of art that escaped the terror and persecution of communism, representing King Ferdinand and Queen Mary. Inside the Roman Catholic Cathedral is buried the governor Ioan de Hunedoara. On the left side of the Roman Catholic Cathedral, above a stained glass window, you can see an interesting positioning of three heads of horse with three ears, each head with two ears, sculpture made and positioned in an interesting way. Bishop Áron Márton is buried in the crypt of the cathedral.
St. Michael's Roman Catholic Cathedral is a remarkable work of late Romanesque religious architecture, the most valuable architectural monument in Transylvania, of the same age as the famous Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral, 1247-1991. The cathedral was built in the period 1247-1291, developing a basilica from the 12th century. 9, partially destroyed by the Mongols in the great invasion of 1241, and it seems that the French architect Villard de Honnecourt also contributed to the elaboration of the initial plans.
|Area (km2)||103,6 km²|
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