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Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as the cultural, industrial and financial center. It is located in the southeast of the country, at 44 ° 25′57 ″ N 26 ° 06′14 ″ Coordinates: 44 ° 25′57 ″ N 26 ° 06′14 ″ E, on the banks of the Dâmbovița river, less than 60 km (37.3 km) north of the Danube and the border with Bulgaria.
Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459. It became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the center of Romanian media, culture and art. Its architecture is a mixture of historical (neoclassical and Art Nouveau), interbellum (Bauhaus and art deco), communist and modern era. In the period between the two world wars, the elegant architecture of the city and the sophistication of its elite have earned Bucharest the nickname of "Little Paris" (Little Paris). Although the buildings and neighborhoods in the center of the historic city were severely damaged or destroyed by the war, earthquakes and the systematization program of Nicolae Ceausescu, many survived and were renovated. In recent years, the city has experienced an economic and cultural boom. In 2016, the historic center of the city was listed as "endangered" by World Monuments Watch.
Bucharest is the sixth largest city in the European Union, by population within the city limits, after London, Berlin, Madrid, Rome and Paris.
From an economic point of view, Bucharest is the most prosperous city in Romania. The city has a number of large convention facilities, educational institutes, cultural spaces, traditional "commercial arcades" and leisure areas.
The city itself is known from an administrative point of view under the name of "Bucharest Municipality" and has the same administrative level as that of a national county, being subdivided into six sectors, each governed by a local mayor.
|Area (km2)||228 km²|
Culture and history info
The Palace of the Patriarchate
The Palace of the Patriarchate (initially, the Palace of the Parliament) was erected between 1907-1908, on the last land in state ownership, since 1883, following a decision of the Legislative Bodies of the Country.
Metropolitan Hill or Patriarchate Hill is a hill in Bucharest, a historical, cultural, architectural, confessional, tourist point important on the map of the Romanian capital. From a confessional point of view, Metropolitan Hill is a landmark for Orthodoxism in Romania, here being presently the headquarters of the Romanian Patriarchate and the residence of the Patriarch. In 1650 the hill was covered with vines owned by the voivodes of the country. The monastery complex was surrounded by walls, like a fortress, starting in 1698 access to the monastery court was made through the bell tower built by Constantin Brancoveanu.
Read more about the history of Metropolitan Hill
The Palace of the Patriarchate (the former Palace of the Parliament) was built by the architect Dimitrie Maimarolu, and the works were carried out under the leadership of engineer George (Gogu) Constantinescu. Reinforced concrete elements were used, being the first reinforced concrete building in the country. It has undergone various changes over time. The most important was the restoration of the dome, which collapsed during the earthquake of November 10, 1940. The total built area is 7,000 square meters. The building has several levels, which can be noticed better from the east side of the hill. On its slope there are two basements and an extensol (partial basement III), ground floor and two floors. The top floor is mostly attic. The interior comprises several rooms, offices and annexes, grouped into four wings, arranged around a large classroom, which is also the dominant piece of the entire building. The building is made of massive masonry, and the roof is mostly reinforced concrete.
Read more about the Palace of Patriarchate
The great historical events of the second half of the 19th century took place on the Hill of the Metropolis. Here, on January 24, 1859, the elective Assembly of the Romanian Country, chaired by Metropolitan Nifon in the former hall of the Assembly of Deputies, voted the act of uniting Montenegro with Moldova by electing Alexandru Ioan Cuza as ruler of the Romanian Principalities.
Palace of the parliament
The Palace of the Parliament of Bucharest known before the revolution as the House of the Republic or the People's House, measures 270 m by 240 m, 86 m high, and 92 m below the ground made in the spirit of socialist realist architecture. It has 9 levels on the surface and another 9 underground. According to World Records Academy, the Parliament Palace is the second largest administrative building for civilian use as a surface in the world, and the most expensive administrative building in the world and the largest building in the world. The Parliament Palace building is located in the central part of Bucharest (sector 5), on the place that today is called Arsenal Hill, framed by Izvor street to the west and north-west, United Nations Boulevard to the north, Freedom Boulevard to the east and Calea 13 Septembrie the south. It is 10 minutes away from Unirii Square and 20 minutes from the North Train Station (by bus 123). The hill on which the Palace of Parliament is today is generally a creation of nature, having an initial height of 18 m, but the part from the Boulevard of Liberty is artificially raised. It ranks second in the world in the chapter "the most expensive, unsuccessful and shameful architectural projects ever made", ranking made by the most visited architectural site in the world, ArchDaily.
- March - October, daily 09:00 - 17:00 (last round at 16:30)
- November - February, daily 10:00 am - 4:00 pm (last tour at 3:30 pm)
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