Craiova is the city of residence of Dolj County, Oltenia, Romania.
The city of Craiova is located in the center of the historical Oltenia region, in a relatively low relief area of the plain, being part of the vast Romanian Plain. More precisely, Craiova is located in the Oltenia Plain, and the average altitude at which the city is located is 100 m high. The climate of the city of Craiova is temperate-continental plain with strong influences coming from the Mediterranean Sea due to the location of the city in southern Romania. Due to this, the summers are long, hot and dry, and the winters are mild and short. The average annual temperature is 11-12 ° C. The city of Craiova is crossed by the river Jiu, one of the most important in the country, the lakes Balta Craioviței and Izvorului being on its territory.
The name of the city of Craiova has two origins. The first is given by the Slavonic word Krajl which means Crai, Craiova meaning "nation or land", and the second by Craiul Iovan who ruled for a period of time. Like many other cities in Romania, Craiova is a city with a history as rich and interesting as it is complicated. If a Roman settlement (Pelendava) was founded on the current territory of Craiova a few centuries BC, the current name was put into use only at the end of the 15th century. Being always the capital of the Oltenia region, it was and is the most important cultural, historical and economic center in the area. The population gradually increased from 4,000 inhabitants in the 18th century to 300,000 in the 21st century.
|Area (km2)||81,41 km²|
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