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Hunedoara is a county located in the Transylvania region and is located on the middle course of the Mureș river, in the vicinity of the Apuseni, Orăștiei and Ţureanu, Retezat-Godeanu, Vâlcan and Parâng and Poiana Ruscă mountains.
The first human settlements in the Land of Hunedoara date back to the Paleolithic, tens of thousands of years ago. From the Neolithic there are numerous traces of the "Starcevo-Criș" culture, ancient culture, one of the oldest Neolithic cultures in Europe. The "Turdaș" culture is represented by the largest traces of habitation (in the Nandrului Valley, near Hunedoara, about 10 ha.). This culture probably used writing for the first time, over a thousand years before the Sumerians. Then followed the cultures "Petrești" (4500-5000 years ago) and "Coțofeni" (period in which copper and gold were first extracted and processed), then "Bronze Age", "Iron Age" and - finally - "The Age If". All these cultures have left traces like nowhere else in the world.
Sarmizegetusa Regia, the capital of the Dacian state and the complex of fortifications around the holy mountain (Kogaionon) were in the Orăștie Mountains, near the present locality Grădiște, near Hunedoara.
In the 13th century, Hunedoara becomes a county, and in the following centuries there are many struggles to avoid the conquest by the neighboring populations (among them the anti-Ottoman struggles of Iancu de Hunedoara, the rebellion of Horea, Cloșca and Crișan, the Revolution of 1848 and the struggle for unification with Romania.
|Area (km2)||7.063 km²|
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