From € 52
* Barsana Monastery
Maramureș is a county made up of the territories of the historical regions of Maramureș, Ardeal and Crișana, located in the northwest of Romania. It was established in 1968 by the territorial reorganization of the Maramures Region (from the districts of Omcuta Mare, Baia Mare, Sighet, Lăpuș and Vișeu). Most of the territory of the county today belonged earlier to the County of Maramureș (inter-war), respectively from the County of Maramureș (pre-war). From the point of view of the traditional culture, the present county is made up of four distinct (ethno-folkloric) areas: Chioar Country, Lăpuș Country, Maramures Country (northeast half of Historical Maramures) and Codr Country (southwest part) , to which is added the Baia Mare Metropolitan Area. The residence and cultural, educational and economic center of the county is the municipality of Baia Mare.
* Barsana Monastery
* Saint Parascheva Poienile Izei wooden church
* The wooden churches of the UNESCO circuit
* The Happy Cemetery in Sapinta
* Peri Monastery (the largest wooden construction in the world)
* MARAMURESENE gates made of wood on Valea Marei, Valea Izei and Valea Cosaului
* Botiza carpets painted vegetal
* The mineral springs Tarmura, Stramtori and Valea Lutoasa
* The Sighetu Marmatiei Pain Memorial
* The ethnographic museum in Sighetu Marmatiei
* The open air village museum in Sighetu Marmatiei
* The Dan Les Baia Sprie pottery workshop
* The ceramic workshop in Sacel
* Cailor Waterfall - Bag
* Mocanita - Viseu de Sus
* Skiing in the local area: Cavnic, Borsa
* Adventure parks nearby: Jungle Park Izvoare, Jungle Park Cavnic
|Area (km2)||6.304 km²|
Sports & nature
The forests of Maramureș have always been rich in wild animals: deer, deer, bear, wolf, fox, wild boar, jder, etc. and protected or endangered species: laughter, black goat, marmot, mountain rooster (Tetrao urogallus), golden eagle (mountain eagle) and birch rooster.
The richness of the game from the forests of Maramures is also mentioned in the first documentary attestation, from 1229, of the Maramures, in this case: a field of royal hunting. The reservation of areas for this purpose has kept, until today, names such as Ocna Șugatag Crăiască Forest. The hunting of Dragoș Voda is also related to this aspect, after which, according to legend, he would have arrived in Moldova.
The last juniper from the Romanian territory was hunted in Maramures in 1852. The black goat disappeared from Maramures, most probably in 1924, because of the poaching practiced after the First World War, but was restored in 1962-1967, in the Rodna massif, where the species unexpectedly proliferated well. The marmot was colonized in 1973 with good results.
Among the rare plant species: thistle, larch (Larix decidua), smiley (Pinus cembra), corner-flower and painted tulip.
In the rivers of Maramureș there is still lost trout, a rare species of salmon.
In 1930 the Rodna Mountains National Park was created, initially as a natural reserve, which became in 1979 a Biosphere Reserve, on an area of 46,399 hectares. In 2004, the Maramureș Mountains Natural Park was created on an area of about 150,000 hectares, being, after the Danube Delta, the largest protected area in Romania.
In the Maramureș mountains there are caves, wharves, lakes and geological formations, some of which are protected, the most famous being the Tatar Tails and the Cocoșului Ridge in the Gutâi mountains and the spring from the blue Izea spring of the Rodna mountains. Natural reserves are also the lakes Tăul lui Dumitru and Tăul Morărenilor in Gutâi.
The richness of the non-ferrous metal deposits, especially in the mountains of volcanic origin, favored an intense mining activity, which brought to light also the sub-earthly beauties of the mine flowers, mineral aggregates formed by deposit and crystallization in the large cavities of rocks, called geodes.
Culture and history info
The culture of the country of Maramureș is well known by its originality and its strong local specificity, as folklorist Tancred Bănățeanu said "a completely original character, with specific elements that we do not find in other areas".
The source of this original culture is found both in the special nature of the inhabitants, and in the relative geographical isolation, in the northern bend of the Carpathians, surrounded by mountains with hard to penetrate forests, which favored the wood culture so developed here, and gave the name of Forest Carpathians for northern and eastern groups. Then there was always a country end, a Hungarian, beyond the mountains living Slavic tribes. In winter, the large snow and the multitude of wild beasts made the passage difficult to reach. Crossings over the mountains, especially those for trade, took place in the fear of criminals and wild animals, as told by a famous character, Simplicius Simplicissimus, from a mid-century German novel by Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen. XVII: "Two, three or four persons cannot travel to Transylvania, as the travelers travel to Germany, but the journey is made a few times a year, in great company, with goods or with some 50 Maramureş carts. “Living in Maramureș is quite different from those of the surrounding areas, because it cannot be assured only from agriculture. In the eighteenth century agricultural production could barely feed one third of the population. Raising animals and shifting them to grain in the plains, logging, timber processing and seasonal "country" work, ie in other regions requiring labor, were a necessity. Traditional house in Maramureș
The special social status of the people of Maramures, led by a local Romanian nobility, who in time integrated into the peasantry of the villages and gave birth to a class of free people, free of obligations and taxes, stimulated them to preserve and proudly promote their own values in construction. , clothing, art and language. Under the obliteration of these local nobles were made among the first translations of the religious texts in Romanian, in the Maramures area: the Voronesian codex, the Scottish psalm, the Voronet psalm, the Hurmuzachi psalm. The ancient customs were kept clean and unexpectedly alive in Maramureș. Songs, dances, the peasant harbor, the dishes as well as the potter's craft and woodworking at the contraction of houses, churches, gates, trout or household objects such as sheaves or seals have been a valuable subject of study for ethnographers but from several countries. and admiration for the visitors of the area.
The Maramureşean grain is one of the five basic sub-dialects of the Dacoromanian dialect. It is spoken in the historical Maramureș, in the villages on the Mara, Cosău and Iza valleys, and with small variations on the Valea Vișeului and Apşea.
Vadu Izei, Str. Mocirii 257, Maramures 437365 România
Pensiunea Agroturistica Raluca with traditional architecture, practice rural tourism - agrotourism, ecotourism and cultural tourism with artisans and icon painters, offering unforgettable stays.
Unfortunately no tours were found.
Unfortunately no cruises were found.
Unfortunately no car rentals were found.